Course Title : Earth Resources Engineering

Code 10F088
Course Year Master and Doctor Course
Term 2nd term
Class day & Period Wed 2nd
Location C1-171
Credits 2
Restriction No Restriction
Lecture Form(s) Lecture
Language English
Instructor Katsuaki Koike

Course Description

Securance and development harmonious with natural environments of the mineral and fossil energy resources, and utilization of storage function of geologic strata have become important issues for constructing sustainable society. This subject introduces comprehensively the present situation of uses of mineral and energy resources, crust structure and dynamics, economic geology for the genesis and geologic environments of deposits, physical and chemical exploration methods of marine deposits, mathematical geology for reserve assessment, engineering geology for resource development and geological repository, and problems and promise of natural energy such as geothermal, solar, wind, and tide.


Integrated evaluation of report grades and attendance to the classes.The attendance includes answer to short quiz to make sure the understanding, etc. Weight of these two items is about 9:1.

Course Goals

To find out directionality about the technologies required for constructing sustainable society by yourself with full understandings of genetic mechanism, biased distribution, and the present situation of demand and supply of the mineral and energy resources.

Course Topics

Theme Class number of times Description
Introduction of this course and resources 1 Definition of renewable and non-renewable resources. Interaction among Earth environment, human society, and natural resources. Existence pattern of natural resources in the crust.
1. Internal structure of Earth and geodynamics 2 Inner structure of the Earth, geodynamics, geologic composition, temperature structure, rock physics, and chemical composition of crust.
2. Present and future of energy resources 1 Classification of energy sources, recent trend on social demand of energy, physical characteristics of each energy resources, and sustainability.
3. Present and future of mineral resources 1 Classification of minerals used for resources, recent trend on social demand of mineral resources, industrial uses of each mineral, and sustainability.
4. Economic geology (1) 1 Classification of ore deposits, distribution of each type of ore deposit, generation mechanism of deposit.
4. Economic geology (2) 1 General structure and distribution of fuel deposits (coal, petroleum, and natural gas), generation mechanism of deposits, and geological process of formation.
5. Resource exploration (1): Terrestrial area 1 Physical and chemical exploration technologies for natural resources in terrestrial area. Representative methods are remote sensing, electric sounding, electromagnetic survey, and seismic prospecting.
6. Resource exploration (2): Sea area 1 Introduction of marine natural resources such as methane hydrate, cobalt-rich crust, and manganese nodule, and exploration technologies for the deposits in sea area.
7. Assessment of ore reserves and deposit characterization 2 Fundamentals of geostatistics, variography for spatial correlation structure, spatial modeling by kriging, geostatistical simulation, integration of hard and soft data, and feasibility study.
8. Resource development 1 Development and management technologies of energy resources related to coal, petroleum, and natural gas.
9. Engineering geology 1 Fundamentals of deep geological repository for high-level nuclear waste, CCS (carbon dioxide capture and storage), and underground storage of petroleum and gas.
10. Sustainability 1 Characteristics of natural energy related to geothermal, solar, wind, and tide, aand ssessment of natural energy resources. Co-existence of natural resource development with environment, low-carbon society, and problems for human sustainability.
Feedback 1 Based on evaluation of the reports, contents that are not well understood will be explained additionally using KLUSIS or by personal interview.


Printed materials on the class contents are distributed at each class.


References on each topic will be instructed in the classes.


Elementary knowledge of engineering, mathematics, physics, and geology are required.

Independent Study Outside of Class

Deepen the understanding by solving assignments.

Web Sites

Additional Information

This course is opened every two years, and not opened in 2018.