授業科目名 : 地球資源学

科目コード 10F088
配当学年 修士課程・博士後期課程
開講年度・開講期 後期
曜時限 水曜2時限
講義室 C1-171
単位数 2
履修者制限
授業形態 講義
使用言語 英語
担当教員 所属・職名・氏名 小池 克明
Katsuaki Koike

授業の概要・目的

持続可能な社会作りのためには,鉱物資源,化石エネルギー資源の確保と環境調和型の開発,および地層の貯留機能の活用がますます重要な課題となっている。本講義の目標はこの課題への解決能力を涵養することである。そのために,鉱物・エネルギー資源の利用の現状,地殻構造とダイナミクス,鉱床の成因や偏在性に関する地質鉱床学,陸域と海域での鉱床の物理・化学的探査法,数理地質学を用いた資源量の評価法,資源の開発と地層貯留に関する地質工学,および自然エネルギー(地熱,太陽,風力,潮汐など)の課題と将来性について,体系的に講述する。
Securance and development harmonious with natural environments of the mineral and fossil energy resources, and utilization of storage function of geologic strata have become important issues for constructing sustainable society. This subject introduces comprehensively the present situation of uses of mineral and energy resources, crust structure and dynamics, economic geology for the genesis and geologic environments of deposits, physical and chemical exploration methods of marine deposits, mathematical geology for reserve assessment, engineering geology for resource development and geological repository, and problems and promise of natural energy such as geothermal, solar, wind, and tide.

成績評価の方法・観点及び達成度

レポート点と平常点を総合して評価する。平常点はクラスへの出席回数,理解度確認クイズへの解答などを含む。レポート点と平常点との比率は9:1程度である。
Integrated evaluation of report grades and attendance to the classes.The attendance includes answer to short quiz to make sure the understanding, etc. Weight of these two items is about 9:1.

到達目標

鉱物・エネルギー資源の成因,偏在性,需要と供給の現状を十分理解し,持続可能な社会作りのために必要となる技術について自分なりの方向性を見出せること。
To find out directionality about the technologies required for constructing sustainable society by yourself with full understandings of genetic mechanism, biased distribution, and the present situation of demand and supply of the mineral and energy resources.

授業計画と内容

項目 回数 内容説明
Introduction of this course and resources 1 Definition of renewable and non-renewable resources. Interaction among Earth environment, human society, and natural resources. Existence pattern of natural resources in the crust.
1. Internal structure of Earth and geodynamics 2 Inner structure of the Earth, geodynamics, geologic composition, temperature structure, rock physics, and chemical composition of crust.
2. Present and future of energy resources 1 Classification of energy sources, recent trend on social demand of energy, physical characteristics of each energy resources, and sustainability.
3. Present and future of mineral resources 1 Classification of minerals used for resources, recent trend on social demand of mineral resources, industrial uses of each mineral, and sustainability.
4. Economic geology (1) 1 Classification of ore deposits, distribution of each type of ore deposit, generation mechanism of deposit.
4. Economic geology (2) 1 General structure and distribution of fuel deposits (coal, petroleum, and natural gas), generation mechanism of deposits, and geological process of formation.
5. Resource exploration (1): Terrestrial area 1 Physical and chemical exploration technologies for natural resources in terrestrial area. Representative methods are remote sensing, electric sounding, electromagnetic survey, and seismic prospecting.
6. Resource exploration (2): Sea area 1 Introduction of marine natural resources such as methane hydrate, cobalt-rich crust, and manganese nodule, and exploration technologies for the deposits in sea area.
7. Assessment of ore reserves and deposit characterization 2 Fundamentals of geostatistics, variography for spatial correlation structure, spatial modeling by kriging, geostatistical simulation, integration of hard and soft data, and feasibility study.
8. Resource development 1 Development and management technologies of energy resources related to coal, petroleum, and natural gas.
9. Engineering geology 1 Fundamentals of deep geological repository for high-level nuclear waste, CCS (carbon dioxide capture and storage), and underground storage of petroleum and gas.
10. Sustainability 1 Characteristics of natural energy related to geothermal, solar, wind, and tide, aand ssessment of natural energy resources. Co-existence of natural resource development with environment, low-carbon society, and problems for human sustainability.
Feedback 1 Based on evaluation of the reports, contents that are not well understood will be explained additionally using KLUSIS or by personal interview.

教科書

Printed materials on the class contents are distributed at each class.

参考書等

References on each topic will be instructed in the classes.

履修要件

Elementary knowledge of engineering, mathematics, physics, and geology are required.

授業外学習(予習・復習)等

Deepen the understanding by solving assignments.

授業URL

その他(オフィスアワー等)

隔年開講科目。平成30年度は開講しない。
This course is opened every two years, and not opened in 2018.